Bone grafts obtained for the patient are the material of choice for reconstruction of lost bone. Most of the time, the bone grafting procedure can be done by taking a small amount of bone from another part of the mouth under local anesthesia and then placing it in the area where the implant is needed through oral surgery. But we usually use synthetic bone.
American Dental Association
Dental bone graft or bone augmentation is a term that describes a variety of dentistry procedures used to “build” bone so that dental implants can be placed as a tooth replacement option. These procedures typically involve grafting (adding) bone or bonelike materials to the jaw. If the bone under your gum is not tall enough, not wide enough or both, you will need dental treatment to add bone to your jaw before implants can be placed.
Bone loss varies from one patient to another, and from one area of the mouth to another. Patients who do not have optimal bone conditions can also be rehabilitated by combining bone reconstruction with grafts and replacing lost teeth with implants.
In some patients, there is severe loss of bone and soft tissues of the gum, which compromise the final outcome of treatment. After grafting, you have to wait several months for the grafted material to fuse with the existing bone.